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Last June 12 marked three years since the massacre of Paraguayan peasants who were occupying a piece of land in Marina kue, Curuguaty, and which resulted in the Coup d´Etat against Fernando Lugo´s administration, followed by the conservative restoration today led by President Horacio Cartes.
But at judicial level, the case continues to be delayed: the hearing scheduled for this week was suspended until the end of July.
According to a report by the Paraguayan Human Rights Coordination, Marina Kue is "a case that represents on its own the history of ill-gotten lands in Paraguay. The case is an example of the institutional dynamics of public heritage theft and how the economic and political interests over the territory are connected".
The lands in question are two thousand hectares claimed by the peasants who had belonged to La Industrial Paraguaya company which were then donated to the Paraguayan Navy to establish a base there. "The donation was accepted and the land was effectively occupied by a Navy detachment which was operational until the end of 1999”.
Then the land was demarcated. However, the transfer of the property titles never took place due to bureaucratic issues. The report also states: "Through the intervention and mobilization of a peasant organization, in 2004 the lands were transferred to INDERT (National Rural Development and Land Institute) and were declared of social interest with agrarian reform purposes.
While INDERT was carrying out different proceedings to make the title transfer effective, the company Campos Morombi SA, owned by politician and businessman Blas N. Riquelme, was granted in an unprecedented short amount of time ownership titles. In a fraudulent process, Judge Carlos Goiburu of Curuguaty granted Riquelme the rights over the donated lands. “The Riquelme family owns approximately 70,000 hectares of lands, among the lands bought to LIPSA and others assigned by the IBR as ill-gotten lands".
The massacre took place in a political context of pressure by biotech companies such as Monsanto, and mining companies such as Rio Tinto ALCAN which were seeking permits by the Paraguayan State. Fifteen peasants and one police officer died during the massacre.
Martina Paredes lives four kilometers from where the events took place. Two of her brothers (Fermin and Luis Agustin) died in the massacre. Real World Radio interviewed Paredes, where she denounced the judicial system that criminalizes peasants without evidence of them being responsible for the violence that day.
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Amigos de la Tierra Internacional (ATI) ya tiene una delegación en Ginebra, Suiza, para dar muestras a una nueva sesión regular del Consejo de Derechos Humanos de Naciones Unidas (ONU), que va del 6 al 23 de junio, del respaldo popular a las negociaciones del tratado vinculante sobre transnacionales y derechos humanos, que se negocia en ese marco multilateral.
Cinco años se cumplen hoy de la “Masacre de Marina Cué” en Paraguay, en la que 11 campesinos y seis policías fueron asesinados, durante un operativo de desalojo en ese predio rural del municipio de Curuguaty.
La presión en el marco de Naciones Unidas (ONU) a favor de los principios rectores sobre empresas y derechos humanos es muy grande, reconoció la presidenta de Amigos de la Tierra Internacional (ATI), Karin Nansen. Pero esos principios no funcionan en los hechos y nunca lo harán, aseguró, por su carácter voluntario, que no obliga a las corporaciones a respetarlos.
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