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In Veracruz, to the South of Mexico, there are plans to build 112 dams and 6 hydroelectric power plants without authorization by communities, who in the past weeks have mobilized in different municipalities of La Antigua River basin and managed to get the government to intervene throught an inspection of Odebrecht construction company, whose works could cause flooding in several territories.
In addition to not having authorization from the National Water Commission (CONAGUA), La Antigua dam will be built in an area where there is a seismic fault and therefore it would be a time bomb for the communities living by La Antigua River and other tributaries.
The inhabitants of the region had access four years ago to documents expressing the intention to building this dam by the Brazilian multinational construction company, although they did not obtain information from official sources.
Even today, with the company established in the area and carrying out exploration activities, which have already accumulated materials by the riverbed, risking the population of Jalcomulco, Apazapan, La Antigua, Paso de Ovejas, Emiliano Zapata, Teocelo, Xico and Ixhuacán de los Reyes, totaling 1.2 million people, the Evironment and Natural Resources Secretariat (SEMARNAT) of the Mexican Union stated that “there is no project” since there hasn’t been a request for an environmental impact assessment.
However, on January 20 the communities started blocking roads to get the attention of authorities.
This is what Emilio Rodriguez, of the Veracruz Assembly of Initiatives and Environmental Defense (LAVIDA) said in an interview with Monica Montalvo, member of Hijxs de la Tierra group and our correspondent in Mexico.
The economy of coastal communities of La Antigua is mainly agricultural, fisheries and eco-tourism with a diversity of crops and an abundance of water that provides them a good quality of life, according to some of the members of the resistance who were consulted. “I would give my life for the river”, said another of the participants of the resistance.
“For the basin communities there won´t be any benefits. Only a small group of people will benefit, the political system. And the company. If it came all the way from Brazil, it is because there is profit to be made here”, said one of the participants of the blockades that prevented Odebrecht from accessing the works.
The road blockade was implemented because 80 days have passed without Odebrecht carrying out the impact assessment studies in the field known as Tamarindo, And also to break with the indifference by authorities. Nine hours after blocking the Jalapa-Veracruz federal road, the Veracruz state government asked to meet with the organizations.
And then the state authorities sent an inspection team who certified irregularities by the construction company and gave orders to remove the rock of materials that had appeared in the middle of the riverbed.
In addition to the eight municipal capital cities, there are 42 communities that will be affected by the dam which Odebrecht plans to build. According to digital media from
Veracruz state, the peasants-community owners of the lands (according to the agrarian reform of the beginning of the 20th century in Mexico) are resisting their lands being flooded by the dam.
“They want us to respect the laws, but they don´t respect our lands. The worst thing is that they are profiting from our lands and they didn´t even consult us first”, said peasant Jorge de Tlaltetela.
Amigos de la Tierra Internacional (ATI) ya tiene una delegación en Ginebra, Suiza, para dar muestras a una nueva sesión regular del Consejo de Derechos Humanos de Naciones Unidas (ONU), que va del 6 al 23 de junio, del respaldo popular a las negociaciones del tratado vinculante sobre transnacionales y derechos humanos, que se negocia en ese marco multilateral.
Esta edición de nuestro programa semanal abre con la flamante coordinadora general del COPINH, Berta Zúñiga Cáceres, con quien profundizamos en las luchas de ese movimiento indígena, el caso legal por el asesinato de su madre, Berta, y las principales preocupaciones.
La presión en el marco de Naciones Unidas (ONU) a favor de los principios rectores sobre empresas y derechos humanos es muy grande, reconoció la presidenta de Amigos de la Tierra Internacional (ATI), Karin Nansen. Pero esos principios no funcionan en los hechos y nunca lo harán, aseguró, por su carácter voluntario, que no obliga a las corporaciones a respetarlos.
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