16 October | Chronicles
Today, World Food Day, we are confronted with the failure of our global food system: 805 million people are going hungry while obesity affects over 2 billion of us.
16 October | News
On October 16, the world is commemorating World Food Sovereignty Day amid mobilizations and statements by the peasant movement, rural women, pastoralists and artisanal fisherfolk. The latest report by the Right to Food and Nutrition Watch states that this human right is threatened by the domination of food systems in the hands of a few transnational corporations.
The history of industrial tree monoculture plantations in Chile includes all the negative elements that feature these production models in Latin America: land grabbing, corporate capture of the State, loss of biodiversity, looting and displacement of native communities. Another of these common features is that the opening of these businesses took place during dictatorships. In 1974, a year after staging a coup in the country, Augusto Pinochet passed Decree Law 701 aiming to promote the development of forestry in the Andean country.
Harassment by the judicial system, the media and paramilitary forces on the communities resisting a cement plant and highway, also exerted on Daniel Pascual of the Peasant Unity Committee (Via Campesina) in a Guatemala led by Otto Perez Molina was recently denounced at international level in a press conference.
In the context of the recent "Food Sovereignty Forum" of Uruguay, organized by REDES-Friends of the Earth, Movimiento por la Tierra and the Extension and Activities Service of the University of the Republic, the participants dealt with the impacts of agrotoxics on the ecosystem, water basins and rural people.
Eight hundred families of people affected by the Picachos Dam have been mourning the death of the leader of the resistance since he was murdered at point blank range while working at a local radio station on Saturday, October 11. Atilano Roman Tirado was a leader of the Mexican Movement of People Affected by Dams (MAPDER). He participated in the International Meeting of People Affected by Dams in 2010, which took place in Guadalajara State.
The expansion of oil palm monoculture plantations in Indonesia has been huge these past years, advancing over biodiverse territories where millions of people from indigenous and rural communities live, such as the case of Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo Island. These monoculture plantations, out of which 70 percent of its production is exported, partly in order to produce agrofuels, covers 13 million hectares, and by 2020, the government plans to reach 28 million hectares planted with oil palm. This increase would necessarily take place by destroying the same number of hectares of native forests.
10 October | Interviews
10 years after the Constitutional Reform that ended with the privatization of water in Uruguay, the participants of the mobilization days that set a precedent in Latin America made an assessment and pointed out that the peoples´ participation in the management and control of the water resource is a challenge still pending.
In Fall of last year, the relationship between China Union and the community dwellers who live where it operates deteriorated drastically. After a series of public demonstrations which featured community members pleading for the company to live up to its MDA, there was a large strike in the area in October. The ERU was called out to quell the demonstration, which they did by firing live rounds in the air.
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