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The Plant Varieties Protection Bill passed by the Guatemalan Congress in June is facing the resistance of peasant organisations, groups or artisanal fisherfolk and indigenous people from the Central American country, who warn about the risks said regulation may entail in terms of biodiversity and food sovereignty.
The bill, also known as the “Monsanto Bill” since this GM seed and agrotoxic multinational company is directly involved in its promotion in several Latin American countries, will be appealed before the Guatemalan Constitutional Court, while different mobilizations are being planned both in the capital of the country and in other departments for Tuesday 26.
Antonio Gonzalez, member of the National Network in Defense of Food Sovereignty in Guatemala (REDSAG) and the Latin American Agroecological Movement (MAELA) said in a press conference that “this bill risks biodiversity, native seed varieties that are over 7,000 years old and that never required patents or labs, but have been able to sustain the lives of the Guatemalan people. We are speaking of privatizing ancestral knowledge and one of the risks is the disappearance of the “milpa system”.
This is a small-scale self-consumption agriculture and commercialization system involving maize, pumpkin, medicinal herbs and beans, typical crops of the peasant-indigenous agriculture in Mesoamerica and especially Guatemala.
“We will no longer be the sons and daughters of maize, we will be the sons and daughters of GMOs”, said Antonio Gonzalez, who also denounced the actions by the government in favor of transnational seed companies.
Meanwhile, Glenda de Leon, also member of REDSAG, said in a press conference that the regulation will directly affect peasant and indigenous women, deepening the dependence of the food chain on transnational corporations that unlawfully hold intellectual property rights over plant varieties.
La Asociación Nacional de Mujeres Rurales e Indígenas de Chile, ANAMURI, se encuentra en pleno desarrollo de su III Seminario Internacional en momentos en que una de sus referentes internacionales, Francisca Pancha Rodríguez, señala que el movimiento campesino global recorre un camino “desde lo simple a lo complejo”: partir de reivindicar lo que nos da vida, la tierra, el agua, las semillas, para trazar alianzas y construir nuestro proyecto político popular”.
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