Descargar: MP3 (6.4 MB)
The first round of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership negotiations between the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) is going to start next week in Washington. The EU-US agreement expected for 2015 should create the largest free trade area in the world, representing one third of international trade and half of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Even if some people are expecting a reinforcement of trade multilateralism, the project is also seen as a threat for the European model.
The European Commission has been mandated to lead the negotiations, even if European trade ministers will have a bargaining power and the Parliament a right to vote at the end of the discussions. But the issue of democracy stays problematic since the European civil society has not been consulted nor informed.
“The European Commission is not an elected body, so the way trade negotiations are conducted is usually very opaque”, explained Natacha Cingotti, working at FOE in Europe for lobby transparency and corporate power.
Indeed, certain issues triggered deep disagreements, mainly from the European Union, which has in general high standards of protection for their citizens. One of the aims of these negotiations is to create a “standards convergence” between the two regions, which basically means an adaptation of the EU system to the US one. Recently, it has been sharply discussed between European institutions, mainly concerning issues such as food security or cultural exception (which is an important stake for France). Cingotti spoke about "a way to legitimate that we are going to get rid of some key regulations here in Europe, but also possibly in the US”.
This weekend, a scandal burst when it was discovered that the National Security Agency of the US (NSA), already accused of spying global electronic communications through the Prism program, had targeted the offices of the European Union in Brussels and the EU diplomatic mission in Washington. To Cingotti, this shows how ridiculous the argument about secrecy around negotiations is, and she recalled some of the reasons of concern from FOE in Europe about these negotiations: lack of transparency, highly privileged access for big businesses, inclusion of specific investments protections, or threat on the precautionary principle.
“Este triunfo de Uruguay debe ser un llamado urgente a analizar, revisar, renegociar o anular cuando corresponda todos los tratados bilaterales de comercio y de protección de inversiones que ha suscrito el país, antes de exponernos a nuevas demandas en las que podemos correr con distinta suerte que en la recién finalizada”.
En esta edición 300 visitaremos Colombia donde la Minga agraria llevó adelante una serie de movilizaciones que durante 15 días paró a Colombia para exigir que se cumplieran acuerdos de parte del gobierno de Juan Manuel Santos con el sector agrario, campesino y étnico. Brasil sigue bajo el gobierno ilegítimo de Michel Temer y los retrocesos no se detienen. En esta edición, nos centraremos en la situación de las comunidades indígenas del estado de Mato Grosso do Sul.
Radio Mundo Real 2003 - 2016 Todo el material aquí publicado está bajo una licencia Creative Commons (Atribución - Compartir igual). El sitio está realizado con Spip, software libre especializado en publicaciones web... y hecho con cariño.